Mental Health Description

Depression

Depression is a common mental disorder and one of the main causes of disability worldwide. Globally, about 400 million people of all ages suffer from depression. More women are affected than men.



Depression is characterized by sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or
appetite, tiredness, and poor concentration. Sufferers may also have multiple physical complaints with no apparent physical cause. Depression can be long-lasting or recurrent, substantially impairing people’s ability to function at work or school and to cope with daily life. At its most severe, depression can lead to suicide.

Geriatric depression

Geriatric depressionis a mental and emotional disorder affecting older adults. depression in the elderly is common

Bipolar affective disorder


This disorder affects about 60 million people worldwide. It typically consists of both manic and depressive episodes separated by periods of normal mood. Manic episodes involve elevated or irritable mood, over-activity, pressure of speech, inflated self-esteem and a decreased need for sleep. People who have manic attacks but do not experience depressive episodes are also classified as having bipolar disorder.

Schizophrenia and other psychoses


Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder, affecting about 21 million people worldwide. Psychoses including schizophrenia are characterized by distortions in thinking, perception, emotions, language, sense of self and behaviour. Common psychotic experiences include hearing voices and delusions. The disorder can prevent people from being able to work or study normally.


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