Mental Health Prevention


Prevention programmes have been shown to reduce depression,
both for children (e.g. through protection and psychological support
following physical and sexual abuse) and adults (e.g. through
psychosocial assistance after disasters and conflicts).

There are also effective treatments. Mild to moderate
depression can be effectively treated with talking therapies, such as
cognitive behaviour therapy or psychotherapy. Antidepressants can be an
effective form of treatment for moderate to severe depression but are
not the first line of treatment for cases of mild depression. They
should not be used for treating depression in children and are not the
first line of treatment in adolescents, among whom they should be used
with caution.

Management of depression has to include psychosocial aspects,
including identifying stress factors, such as financial problems,
difficulties at work or physical or mental abuse, and sources of
support, such as family members and friends. The maintenance or
reactivation of social networks and social activities is important.